During the 1900’s up until 1914, the practice of medicine saw a drastic improvement, when compared to years before. Doctors in hospitals created specialized wards for patients with specific disease, in an attempt to avoid the spread of contagious germs. The beginning of the 20th century marked the discoveries of ways to treat many common sicknesses. Doctors learned more and more about the human body, and how to diagnose patients appropriately. In an era of new possibilities, the early 20th century proved to be just that.

During the early 1900’s, there was an exponential boom in the care that hospitals and healthcare clinics provided. Doctors, who regularly treated the diseased, created separate wards for those who were diagnosed with cases of Typhoid fever, Smallpox and Scarlet fever. This was a beneficial step taken to prevent not only the sick from getting sicker, but also to prevent other patients in hospitals from catching such contagious diseases. By establishing separate clinics, specialized doctors were able to concentrate their focus on discovering cures. Furthermore, blood poisoning, which was a common and deadly killer in many surgical wards, was stopped. The discovery of the ABO system of blood typing in 1906 by Karl Landsteiner drastically helped halt fatal deaths due to blood contaminations. With this blood typing, doctors were able to determine whether a patient in need of a blood transplant was compatible with another. Landsteiner’s discovery proved to be significant, for in the following year, the first successful blood transfusion was performed. Soon, more and more doctors became specialized in a particular area of medicine. In 1913, Dr. Paul Dudley White became one of America’s first cardiologists, centering his career on the heart and its vital health.

Karl Landsteiner created a breakthrough in the world of medicine. He paved the way for future doctors to properly diagnose and treat their patients using the correct blood type. Landsteiner, who was the first to discover the ABO blood-typing system, prevented many deaths which were occurring constantly due to blood contamination and poisoning. He learned that every single person has a specific blood type, and not all blood types can qualify as donors for transplants or transfusions. What was previously the cause of death to hundreds of patients was now a new innovation.

To conclude, the early 20th century was a period of great advances in the medicinal department. Doctors such as Landsteiner and White studied more and more about the generics of the human body, and were able to diagnose patients in their areas of expertise. Landsteiner, responsible for the ABO blood typing system, and White, one of America’s first doctors to study cardiology, both prevented deaths, and instilled safety in an entire society. Furthermore, the establishment of specific wards for diseased patients heavily reduced the spread of germs in contagious illnesses. With these major improvements, doctors were able to avoid countless losses, and revive many of their patients back to good health.

Karl Landsteiner discovered the ABO blood typing system.



~Ruhi Sharma~

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